# Simpsons diversity index investigation

Assignment due week 4, Thursday. La Selva berlese datasetwith worked examples of species accumulation curve, Chao2, chart. Introduction The purpose of this series of labs is to learn how ecologists define and measure diversity, and to use those methods to contrast the leaf litter arthropod community of temperate and tropical rainforest. As species richness and evenness increase, so diversity increases. Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity which takes into account both richness and evenness.

Simpson's Diversity Indices The term 'Simpson's Diversity Index' can actually refer to any one of 3 closely related indices.

Simpson's Index D measures the probability that two individuals randomly selected from a sample will belong to the same species or some category other than species.

There are two versions of the formula for calculating D. Either is acceptable, but be consistent. That is, the bigger the value of D, the lower the diversity. This is neither intuitive nor logical, so to get over this problem, D is often subtracted from 1 to give: Simpson's Index of Diversity 1 - D The value of this index also ranges between 0 and 1, but now, the greater the value, the greater the sample diversity.

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This makes more sense. In this case, the index represents the probability that two individuals randomly selected from a sample will belong to different species.

## Measuring Biodiversity - The Environmental Literacy Council

Another way of overcoming the problem of the counter-intuitive nature of Simpson's Index is to take the reciprocal of the Index: This figure would represent a community containing only one species. The higher the value, the greater the diversity. The maximum value is the number of species or other category being used in the sample.

For example if there are five species in the sample, then the maximum value is 5. The name 'Simpson's Diversity Index' is often very loosely applied and all three related indices described above Simpson's Index, Simpson's Index of Diversity and Simpson's Reciprocal Index have been quoted under this blanket term, depending on author.

It is therefore important to ascertain which index has actually been used in any comparative studies of diversity. To calculate Simpson's Index for a particular area, the area must first be sampled. The number of individuals of each species present in the samples must be noted.

This can be easier said than done! The number of plant species within each quadrat, as well as the number of individuals of each species is noted. There is no necessity to be able to identify all the species, provided they can be distinguished from each other.

As an example, let us work out the value of D for a single quadrat sample of ground vegetation in a woodland. Of course, sampling only one quadrat would not give you a reliable estimate of the diversity of the ground flora in the wood.

Several samples would have to be taken and the data pooled to give a better estimate of overall diversity.A diversity index is a quantitative measure that reflects how many different types (such as species) there are in a dataset (a community), and simultaneously takes into account how evenly the basic entities (such as individuals) are distributed among those types.

Simpson index. Answer Questions and Earn Points!!! You can now earn points by answering the unanswered questions listed. You are allowed to answer only once per question. Biodiversity Lab. Free software for calculating diversity statistics. Which of the different equations or curve-fitting methods is best is the subject of current investigation. Simpson Simpson (inverse) diversity index. plus, among other more basic stats, some Shared Species estimators and "Morisita-Horn sample similarity index". Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity which takes into account the number of species present, as well as the relative abundance of each species.

As species richness and evenness increase, so diversity increases. Developed by the Environmental Literacy Council in concert with the College Board, this inquiry-based activity places students in the field to learn about the transect method and statistical analysis used in sampling population abundance and diversity.

Simpson's Diversity Index is a measure of diversity. In ecology, it is often used to quantify the biodiversity of a habitat.

It takes into account the number of species present, as well as the abundance of each species.

Simpson-diversity-index Questions and Answers - Math Discussion